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What is Cloud Security Testing?


Cloud testing is a process of validating the security posture of an application or system in the cloud. Cloud security testing assesses the effectiveness of security controls in order to identify weaknesses that could be exploited by attackers.

Cloud-based testing services and tool providers offer testing environments that testers can customize to meet the needs of an application. They provide device clouds, virtualization, on-demand testing tools, cloud-based testing laboratories, and management services.

What Are the Various Cloud Testing Techniques?

1. Functional testing

  • Systems testing

  • Integration testing

  • Acceptance testing

2. Non-functional testing

  • Business requirement testing

  • Security testing

  • Scalability and performance testing

Functional testing

Functional testing aims to determine whether the test application performs in tune with the end user's expectations. Each function is compared to the associated requirement by supplying sample inputs, recording the outcomes, and confirming whether the results match the expected outcomes.

  • Systems testing

    analyzes the integrated system to observe whether the system complies with the requirements. It is carried out in conjunction with a functional requirement specification (FRS) or a system requirement specification (SRS). System testing evaluates user expectations, design, and behaviour.

  • Integration testing is the process of evaluating individual software modules simultaneously. The aim is to test how these modules interface and lay bare any defects arising when individual components are integrated. This testing involves checking the quality of inter-module communication and ascertaining whether they work as intended after integration.  During the testing, the source and target systems are connected, and data from the source system is extracted. Integration testing often follows unit testing, where each unit or module is isolated and tested for functional correctness.

  • Acceptance testing

    ensures that the vendor's present cloud solution satisfies the organization's business requirements. Business requirements are employed in this testing to demonstrate that the given cloud solution meets specific criteria. This testing is carried out both on- and off-site. On-site testing enables immediate control and monitoring of test progress.

Non-functional testing

Non-functional testing evaluates aspects of a program that don't directly affect its functionality but are nevertheless crucial for the user experience. Although they aren't essential to a software system, performance and reliability under stress can impact the user experience. Non-functional test failures don't always result in a problem, but they can point to more significant systemic issues.

  • Business requirement testing: Before transferring their operations to a cloud computing solution, organizations should thoroughly assess their business requirements. This step is necessary because cloud computing solutions' fundamental building elements are business requirements. The business requirements can be met through evaluations, workshops, and meetings. 

  • Security testing: You should perform security testing frequently to ensure your team's applications are safe and adequately handle data. Security testing can range from routine penetration testing to automatic scanning, depending on how exposed an application is. Many teams do not consider security testing a component of their testing arsenal. It is wise to incorporate security testing and treat it with the same seriousness as unit testing.

  • Scalability and performance testing:

    To ensure that software systems answer requests swiftly, they are put through performance tests. The user experience is ruined by high latency, and well-developed performance tests typically identify problems before users do. Performance testing aims to identify thresholds, bottlenecks, and constraints. Performance testing involves measuring reaction times and problems with activities while the system is subjected to increased loads from various multi-user processes. It establishes a system's capability, responsiveness, dependability, throughput, and scalability for a specific workload.


Embracing the cloud for testing helps businesses acquire the necessary equipment, software licenses, and infrastructure at a reasonable cost without having to set it up themselves and worry about getting the most out of it. Cloud testing can speed testing and lower the overhead expenses of maintaining internal infrastructure.

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